IR Word List (附中文譯名)

(Click HERE to download the DOC document for the whole IR word list)

GENERAL INTERVENTION 一般性介入
Abscess drainage 膿腫引流法
Arterial sheath 動脈導管鞘
Catheter 導管
Co-axial catheter 同軸導管
Complication 併發症
Contra-indication 禁忌症
Fine needle aspiration cytology, percutaneous 經皮穿刺細針抽吸細胞學
Fluoroscopy 熒光屏檢查 / 透視檢查
Follow-up 覆診
Guidewire 導絲
Haematoma 血腫
Indication 適應症
Interventional Radiology 介入放射學
Microcatheter 微導管
Microcoil 微型螺絲圈
Needle biopsy, percutaneous 經皮穿刺活組織檢查
Nidus 病巢
Nodule 結節
Pre-operative assessment 手術前評估
Puncture site 穿刺位
Septicaemia 膿毒血症
Superselective angiogram 超選擇性血管鏡
VASCULAR INTERVENTION 血管介入
Abdominal aorta 腹主動脈
Abdominal aortic aneurysm 腹主動脈瘤
Angiodysplasia 血管發育異常
Ankle-brachial index 踝 / 肱指數
Anterior tibial artery 脛前動脈
Aortic arch 主動脈弓
Aortic dissection 主動脈內壁分離
Aortic Occlusion 主動脈閉塞
Aortofemoral bypass graft 主動脈股動脈分流術
APTT 活化部份凝血激酶時間
Arterial spasm 動脈痙攣
Arteriovenous fistula 動靜脈寠
Arteriovenous malformation 動靜脈畸形
Ascending aorta 升主動脈
Atherosclerosis 粥樣硬化
Balloon angioplasty 氣囊血管成形術
Balloon expandable stent 氣囊擴張支架
Bleeding time 出血時間
Brachial artery 肱動脈
Brachiocephalic vein 頭臂靜脈
Brachytherapy 近距放射治療
Clotting time 凝回時間
Common femoral artery 股總動脈
Computed tomographic angiogram 電腦掃描血管造影
Contrast enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (CE-MRA) 靜脈注射磁力共震血管造影
Deep vein thrombosis 深層靜脈栓塞
Descending thoracic aorta 降主動脈
Digital subtraction angiography 數碼減影血管造影
Dissecting aneurysm 分割性動脈瘤
Doppler sonography 多普勒超聲波
Dorsalis pedis 足背動脈
Endoleak 支架周圍滲漏
External iliac artery 髂外動脈
Femoral artery 股動脈
Fibrinolytic therapy (Thrombolysis) 溶栓
Fibromuscular dysplasia 纖維肌病
Inferior vena cava filter 下腔靜脈濾器
Internal iliac artery 髂內動脈
Internal jugular vein 頸內靜脈
Intimal hyperplasia 血管內膜增生
IVC 下腔靜脈
Metallic coils 金屬螺圈
Percutaneous removal of intravascular foreign body 經皮穿刺血管內異物取出術
Peroneal artery 腓動脈
Plantar artery 足底動脈
Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) 聚乙烯泡沫醇
Popliteal artery 膕動脈
Posterior tibial artery 脛後動脈
Profunda femoral artery 股深動脈
Pseudoaneurysm 假動脈瘤
PT 一期凝血酶原試驗
PVR (plethysmography) 體積描記法
Recombinant tissue type plasminogen activator (t-PA) e.g. Alteplase 重組組織型纖溶酶原激活劑 (例:愛通立)
Self expandable stent 自膨式支架
Stenosis 狹窄
Stent graft 帶膜支架
Subclavian vein 鎖骨下靜脈
Superficial femoral artery 股淺動脈
SVC (superior vena cava) 上腔靜脈
Takayasu’s arteritis 高安氏動脈炎
Thromboembolism 血栓栓塞
Urokinase 尿激酶/尿激素
NEUROINTERVENTION 腦介入
Aneurysm 動脈瘤
Basal ganglion 底神經節
Basilar artery 基底動脈
Brain stem 腦幹
Carotico-cavernous fistula 頸動脈海綿竇寠
Carotid blow out 頸動脈破裂
Caudate nucleus 尾狀核
Cavernous sinus 海綿竇
Cerebellum 小腦
Cerebral cortex 大腦皮質
Common carotid artery 頸總動脈
Cortex 皮質
Detachable balloon 可分離氣囊
External carotid artery 頸外動脈
Flow-directed microcatheter 漂浮微導管
GDC (Guglielmi Detachable Coil) GDC栓塞術
Internal capsule 內囊
Internal carotid artery 頸內動脈
Intracranial AVM 顱內動靜脈畸形
Intracranial hematoma 顱內血腫
Intraventricular hemorrhage 腦室內出血
Lipiodol 碘油
Medulla 髓質
Medulla oblongata 延髓
Meningioma 腦脊髓膜瘤
Ophthalmic artery 眼動脈
Petrous portion of ICA 顳骨岩部的頸內動脈
Skull base 顱底
Spinal artery 脊髓動脈
Subarachnoid hemorrhage 蛛網膜下出血
Subclavian artery 鎖骨下動脈
Superior sagittal sinus 上矢狀竇
Tentorium cerebelli 小腦幕
Thalamus 丘腦
Tissue glue (NBCA glue) embolization NBCA 栓塞術
Vertebral artery 椎動脈
HEPATOBILIARY AND GASTROINTESTINAL INTERVENTION 肝膽胃腸介入
Absolute alcohol 純酒精
Acute mesenteric ischaemia 急性腸繫膜缺血
Adenocarcinoma 腺癌
Adenoma 肝細胞腺瘤
Alpha fetoprotein 甲胎蛋白
Albumin 白蛋白
ALP 性磷酸酶
ALT 谷丙轉氨酶
Ampulla of vater 肝胰管壺腹
Angiodysplasia 血管發育異常
Anus 肛門
Ascending colon 升結腸
Ascites 腹水
AST 谷草轉氨酶
Barium enema 鋇灌腸造影
Barium meal 鋇餐造影
Barium swallow 鋇吞嚥造影
Biliary stricture 膽管狹窄
Child's Pugh score Child A, B 或 C 級
Cholangiocarcinoma - Intrahepatic 嵗管細胞型肝癌 - 肝內
Cholangiocarcinoma - Peripheral 嵗管細胞型肝癌 - 周圍型
Cholangiocarcinoma - Hilar 嵗管細胞型肝癌 - 肝門區
Choledochoduodenostomy 總膽管十二指腸吻合術
Choledochojejunostomy 總膽管空腸吻合術
Cirrhosis of liver 肝硬化
Coeliac trunk 腹腔幹
Common bile duct 總膽管
Common hepatic artery 肝總動脈
Common hepatic duct 總肝管
Cystadenocarcinoma 囊腺癌
Cystadenoma 囊腺瘤
Cystic artery 膽囊動脈
Cystic duct 膽囊管
Descending colon 降結腸
Direct bilirubin 直接胆紅素
Duodenum 十二指腸
Dysplastic nodule 發育異常的結節
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography and Pancreaticography (ERCP) 內窺鏡逆行膽管胰腺造影
Esophageal hiatus 食管裂孔
Esophageal stent 食道內支架置入術
Esophagus 食管/食道
Focal nodular hyperplasia 肝局灶性結節增生
Gall bladder 膽囊
Gastroduodenal artery 胃十二指腸動脈
Gastrointestinal bleeding 胃腸出血
GGT 谷酰轉肽酶
Globulin 球蛋白
Greater omentum 大網膜
HBcAb 核心抗體
HBcAg 核心抗原
HBeAb E抗體
HBeAg E抗原
HBsAb 表面抗體
HBsAg 表面抗原
HCC 肝細胞癌
Hemangioma 肝海綿狀血管癌
Hepatic artery proper 肝固有動脈
Hepatic flexure 結腸右曲
Hepatic vein 肝靜脈
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) 肝細胞癌
Ileum 迴腸
Inferior mesenteric artery 腸繫膜下動脈
Insulinoma 胰島腺瘤
Jejunum 空腸
Leiomyoma 平滑肌瘤
Lesser sac 網膜囊
Liver metastasis 肝轉移瘤
Lobe (right, left) 肝右葉,肝左葉
Lobectomy 葉切除術
Malignant biliary obstruction 惡性膽管閉塞
Mesentery 腸繫膜
Mesocolon 結腸繫膜
Nodules in liver cirrhosis - Regeneration nodule 肝硬化再生結節 - 肝內再生結節
Nodules in liver cirrhosis - Adenomatous hyperplasia 肝硬化再生結節 - 腺瘤性增生
Nodules in liver cirrhosis - Dysplastic nodule 肝硬化再生結節 - 發育不良結節
Okuda stage Okuda 級
Pancreas - head, neck, body, tail, uncinate process 胰﹝胰頭,頸,體,尾,鈎突﹞
Pancreatic abscess 胰腺膿腫
Pancreatitis (acute, chronic) 胰腺炎﹝急性,慢性﹞
Papillotomy (papillosphincterotomy) 乳頭括約肌切開術
Percutaneous cholecystostomy 經皮穿刺膽囊造口術
Percutaneous ethanol injection 經皮穿刺純酒精注射
Percutaneous gastrostomy 經皮胃造口術
Percutaneous tract dilatation 經皮管道擴張術
Percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) 經皮經肝膽道引流術
Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTC) 經皮經肝膽管造影術
Peritoneum 腹膜
Portal hypertension 門靜脈高壓症
Portal vein 肝門靜脈
Pseudocyst 假囊腫
Rectum 直腸
Recurrent pyogenic cholangitis 復發化膿性膽管炎
Regeneration nodule 肝內再生結節
RF ablation 射頻消融術
Ruptured HCC 肝細胞癌破裂
Segment (1-8) 肝段
Segmental hepatic or subsegmental hepatic artery 肝分段動脈
Segmentectomy 肝段切除術
Shunt 分流
Sigmoid colon 乙結腸
Small bowel enema 小腸灌腸造影
Splenic artery 脾動脈
Splenic flexure 結腸左曲
Splenic rupture 脾破裂
Stomach - antrum 胃竇
Stomach - greater curvature 胃大彎
Stomach - lesser curvature 胃小彎
Subcapsular hematoma (肝) 膜下血腫
Subsegment 肝亞段
Superior mesenteric artery 腸繫膜上動脈
Terminal ileum 末端迴腸
Total bilirubin 總胆紅素
Transarterial chemo-embolisation (TACE) 經血管碘油化療物栓塞術
Trans-internal jugular liver biopsy 經頸靜脈肝活組織檢查
Trans-internal jugular portosystemic shunt (TIPSS) 經頸靜脈肝內門體支架分流術
Transverse colon 橫結腸
Wedge resection 楔切除
MUSCULOSKELETAL INTERVENTION 肌肉骨骼的介入
Arthrogram 關節造影
Bone cement 骨黏合劑,骨水泥
Bony erosion 骨侵蝕
Bony metastasis 骨轉移
Chondrosarcoma 軟骨肉瘤
Discogram 椎間盤造影
Ewing’s sarcoma Ewing 肉瘤
Facet injection 椎骨關節面注射
Intervertebral disc 椎間盤
Lamina 椎弓板
Osteoid osteoma 類骨質骨瘤
Osteoporosis 骨質疏鬆症
Osteosarcoma 骨肉瘤
Pedicle 椎弓根
Spinal process 棘突
Transverse process 橫突
Vertebral body 椎體
Vertebral collapse 椎體壓縮骨折
Vertebroplasty 脊椎成形術
THORACIC INTERVENTION 胸腔介入
Anterior circumflex humeral artery 旋肱前動脈
Anterior spinal artery 脊髓前動脈
Bronchial artery 支氣管動脈
Bronchial artery embolisation 支氣管動脈栓塞術
Drainage of empyema thoracis 胸腔積膿引流術
Empyema thoracis 胸腔積膿
High resolution CT of thorax 高分辨率肺電腦掃描
Intercostal artery 肋間動脈
Internal mammary artery 胸廓內動脈
Lateral thoracic artery 胸外側動脈
Lobar pulmonary artery 肺葉動脈
Massive hemoptysis 大量咯血
Pleura 胸膜
Pleural effusion 胸膜滲水 / 肺積水
Pneumothorax 氣胸
Posterior spinal artery 脊髓後動脈
Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation embolization 肺動靜脈畸形栓塞術
Pulmonary artery 肺動脈
Pulmonary thromboembolism 肺栓塞
Segmental pulmonary artery 亞段肺動脈
Thoracentesis 胸腔穿刺術
GENITOURINARY INTERVENTION 泌尿生殖介入
Accessory renal artery 副腎動脈
Adrenal gland 腎上腺
Adrenal venous sampling 腎上腺靜脈抽樣
Antegrade pyelography 順行腎盂造影術
Anterior pararenal space 前腎旁間隙
Arterial dissection 動脈內壁分離
Balloon dilatation of ureteric stricture 輸尿管狹窄之氣囊擴張
Bladder 膀胱
Body of uterus 子宮體
Cervix uteri 子宮頸
Cholesterol embolization 膽固醇栓塞
Creatinine 肝酐
Endometrium 子宮內膜
Fallopian tube 輸卵管
Fallopian tube recanalization 輸卵管再通
Fibromuscular dysplasia 纖維肌病
Fundus 子宮底
Hematuria 血尿
Internal iliac artery 髂內動脈
Intramural fibroid 壁內肌瘤
Lymphocele 淋巴囊腫
Major calyx 腎大盞
Minor calyx 腎小盞
Myometrium 子宮肌層
Nephrons 腎單位
Ostium 孔口
Ovarian varicocoele 卵巢靜脈曲張
Ovary 卵巢
Pararenal space 腎旁間隙
Percutaneous nephrostomy & lithotripsy (PCNL) 經皮穿刺腎造口術及碎石術
Percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN) 經皮穿刺腎造口術
Perinephric hematoma 腎周血腫
Posterior pararenal space 後腎旁間隙
Post-partum haemorrhage 產後出血
Prostate 前列腺
Prostate: central zone 前列腺: 中央區
Prostate: peripheral zone 前列腺: 外周區
Prostatic biopsy 前列腺活組織檢查
Pyonephrosis 腎盂積膿
Pyramids 腎錐體
Renal artery stenosis 腎動脈狹窄
Renal biopsy 腎活組織檢查
Renal cortex 腎皮質
Renal medulla 腎髓質
Renal pelvis 腎盂
Retrograde pyelography 逆行腎盂造影術
Sclerotherapy 硬化療法
Submucosal fibroid 黏膜下層平滑肌瘤
Subserosal fibroid 漿膜下組織平滑肌瘤
Takayasu’s disease 高安氏動脈炎
Transgluteal drainage of pelvic abscess 經臀肌盆腔膿腫引流術
Transplant kidney 移植腎
Transrectal drainage of pelvic abscess 經直腸盆腔膿腫引流術
Transvaginal drainage of pelvic abscess 經陰道盆腔膿腫引流術
Urea 尿酸
Ureter 輸尿管
Urethra - Prostatic 尿道 - 前列腺部
Urethra - Membranous 尿道 - 膜部
Urethra - Penile 尿道 - 海綿體部
Urinoma 尿性囊腫
Uterine artery embolisation 子宮動脈栓塞術
Uterine fibroid 子宮肌瘤
Uterus 子宮
Varicocoele of testis 精索靜脈曲張
DRUGS 葯物
Analgesic 止痛藥
Antibiotic 抗生素
Antiplatelet agent 抗血小板劑
Anxiolytic / sedation 鎮定劑
Aspirin 阿司匹林 / 乙醯水楊酸
Fentanyl 芬太尼
Gelfoam 明膠海綿
Heparin 肝素
Lignocaine 利多卡因
Lipiodol 碘油
Low molecular weight heparin 低份子重量肝素
Midazolam (Dormicum) 多美康 (咪達唑侖)
Nitrogylcerin 硝酸甘油
Plavix (Clopidogrel) 波立維 (硫酸氫氯呲格雷)
PVA particles 聚乙烯泡沫醇粒子